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Ferns are nice background plants in the garden to create a woodland feel. Although ferns prefer shade, they will grow in full sun. Ferns are most beautiful in spring when the fronds start to unfurl. Very low maintenance. Ferns multiply quickly by rhizomes to form colonies. Deer and critter resistant.
About this Variety
Athyrium filix-femina, better known as Lady Fern, is deciduous and native to the more temperate regions of North America, Europe and Asia. The erect fronds grow in a circular clump-like form. Its natural habitat is in rich, moist woods, fields, meadows, ravines and shaded gardens.
- Adds color and texture to the shade garden
- Great for container, garden beds and borders
- Long lasting color
- Drought tolerant
- Easy to grow
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Summer to Fall foliage
Grows 12-36" tall
Plant 18-24" apart, 1-2" deep
Grow as Perennial in zones 3-9. Grow as Annual elsewhere.
Plant ferns outdoors in spring after all danger of frost has passed in a partially shaded to full shade location. The ideal soil is rich and porous and drains well, yet still holds enough water for the roots. If your soil is heavy clay and drains slowly, or very sandy and does not hold water, add organic soil amendments like peat moss or ground bark. Spread a 3-4 inch layer of soil amendment if needed and incorporate into the soil to a depth of 10 inches. Plant roots 1-2" deep and 12-24" apart. Cover with soil. Water thoroughly at planting. While actively growing, water frequently and thoroughly so that water will reach roots. Mulch to keep the soil cool and to prevent the soil from drying out. Fertilize during growing period.
Equally happy in average or moist soil. Ferns will grow in sun with constant moisture. Not fussy - adapts well to less than ideal conditions. Cut back fronds as they die out in hot summers.